Dr. Raij is a researcher currently serving as the Director of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) Clinical Research at the Martinos Center. He aims to understand the human brain mechanisms and improve the treatment of psychiatric and neurological disease, such as depression, schizophrenia, cocaine addiction, chronic pain, traumatic brain injury and stroke.

In psychiatry, his recent work focuses on optimizing the efficacy of brain stimulation treatments in depression and cocaine addiction. He is also examining basic mechanisms and potential TMS treatments of PTSD and anxiety, including manipulation of memories by using non-invasive brain stimulation. In addition, he is mapping neuronal activation trace lifetimes in schizophrenia and depression, and studying how their abnormalities may be linked to symptoms. In cognitive neuroscience and neurology, he studies how large-scale integration over multiple human brain systems occurs (multisensory integration), and how cortico-cortical paired associative stimulation with multi-channel TMS could be used to re-wire connectivity between brain areas in health and in disease. To reach these goals, he uses a wide array of non-invasive human brain imaging and stimulation techniques (TMS, MEG/EEG, MRI/DTI/fMRI) and their combinations.


MD, University of Helsinki, Finland
PhD in Neurosciences, University of Helsinki, Finland

Select Publications

1. Raij T, Nummenmaa A, Marin MF, Porter D, Furtak S, Setsompop K, Milad MR. Prefrontal Cortex Stimulation Enhances Fear Extinction Memory in Humans. Biol Psychiatry. 2018 Jul 15;84(2):129-137. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2017.10.022. Epub 2017 Nov 6. PMID: 29246436; PMCID: PMC5936658.

2. Herrold AA, Siddiqi SH, Livengood SL, Bender Pape TL, Higgins JP, Adamson MM, Leung A, Raij T. Customizing TMS Applications in Traumatic Brain Injury Using Neuroimaging. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2020 Nov-Dec;35(6):401-411. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000627. PMID: 33165153.

3. Diana M, Raij T, Melis M, Nummenmaa A, Leggio L, Bonci A. Rehabilitating the addicted brain with transcranial magnetic stimulation. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2017 Nov;18(11):685-693. doi: 10.1038/nrn.2017.113. Epub 2017 Sep 29. PMID: 28951609.


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